Zanzibar: Spice Islands Sailing Adventure

Although I’ve been on countless boats and ferries, I had only spent one night on board an overnight ferry before. And even that was a long time ago. But when I came across a sailing trip around the Zanzibar archipelago, a wave of wonder and excitement rushed through me. Rami didn’t need much convincing either since we decided that our African travels will pretty much be full of new experiences. Living on a boat for seven days seemed to fit right in with camping in the wilderness for the first time and summiting the highest mountain on the African continent.

Yet when a dinghy came to shore to pick up our backpacks and take them to the boat, I was shaking in my flip flops and making stupid jokes to mask my nerves. As we climbed into the dinghy and headed for the boat, I couldn’t help but think, “What did we sign up for?!”

The dinghy was our main method of transport to and from the boat since a large boat like ours could not go into shallow waters

It wasn’t until we stepped on board our new home for the week that I realized how truly unique and possibly even luxurious this adventure will be. We were on board a 56-foot yacht named Julia. We had a private cabin with our own bathroom, skylights that opened up for fresh air, and even a narrow closet. The space at the back of the yacht had two large tables, plenty of sitting space and a kitchen where a dedicated chef would prepare all of our meals. At the front of the boat, three mattresses were secured to the nets below to allow for sunbathing or relaxing. There was also a lot of deck space, which was perfect for sitting down and enjoying the scenery. Best of all, there was only one more person who signed up for this trip – a young lady from Switzerland named Bini.

The bed in our cabin with the skylight hatch right above it
At the back of the boat, there were plenty of cushions to sit on and a large table where we had all of our meals
Solar panels on the roof of the boat provided electricity and powered a system of reverse osmosis that provided fresh water for showering and washing our hands

The crew consisted of the skipper Caio, the chef David, and two guys – Hamisi and Omari – who assisted with everything related to the boat. In total we were three tourists being taken care of by four crew members on board a spacious yacht, setting sail for some of the more remote and secluded places in the Indian Ocean.

After exploring what Julia had to offer, my nervousness was replaced with excitement for the adventures ahead
Excited for the week ahead!

For the next seven days, we were immersed in pure nature of the Zanzibar archipelago. Technically “Zanzibar” refers to just two large islands – Unguja (home to the historic Stone Town) and Pemba. But there are over forty smaller islands scattered around Zanzibar that are often referred to as “Spice Islands” due to their production of various spices. We got a taste for all of these spices as David whipped up meal after meal full of freshest ingredients, flavoured with cloves, coriander, fennel seeds, curry powder and others. We couldn’t help but let out a “Wow” every time platters of food appeared before us.

The breakfast spread was quite extensive each morning

We got another taste of luxury on our very first night as we docked near Mnemba Island, home to a very exclusive resort. At USD $1,700 per person per night, this private island resort would charge an outsider USD $300 just for stepping foot on its beach! Luckily the waters around the island are part of a conservation area, and as such we could dock there without paying the hefty fee. But the real perk was in the morning as we were the very first ones to go snorkelling and admire the coral reefs with their abundant marine life before all of the tour boats arrived from Unguja.

Looking out onto Mnemba Island, home to a very exclusive resort
Rami learning the ropes…literally
The wild beach and pristine waters of Mesali Island – perfect for snorkelling

Besides snorkelling near Mnemba and later in the pristine waters of Mesali Island, we got a chance to go kayaking in the mangroves of Pemba Island. Rami and I are not new to kayaking by any means, but navigating among the tree roots sticking out of the water and branches about to poke you in the face turned out to be more challenging than we expected. After a few collisions with the trees, we finally got the hang of it, paddling slowly and gently in the calm waters of the mangroves. We were doing quite well, gliding in the narrow channel between the trees and marvelling at the fact that we were the only ones there. Then before I knew what was happening, I found myself in the water. The kayak had flipped!

For a second I panicked, but then I realized that the water was shallow and I could touch the bottom with my feet. However, I also realized that I better not do that since there were many tree roots growing out of the sandy bottom. It turns out that Rami had leaned too far to one side of the kayak while trying to dodge a tree branch heading for his eye. This caused the entire kayak to flip and both of us ended up in the water. With the help from one of our crew members, we managed to get back onto the kayak and continue gliding through the sleepy mangroves as if nothing had happened.

After our kayaking incident, Rami went kayaking by himself the second time around

The beauty about sailing is that one can reach places of pure wilderness, untouchable and unreachable by roads and the civilized world. As early as on our very first day sailing to Mnemba Island we saw dolphins jumping out of the water right in front of our yacht. We didn’t have to sail very far, and yet here they were – right in front of us but undiscovered by the people on the shore.

One morning, I was standing in the back of the boat, looking out at the horizon to keep myself from feeling seasick as we sailed. The water was wavy and the sun was blinding my eyes. At first I thought I saw a mirage. After looking at the waves for so long, it was bound that my eyes were playing tricks on me. But then I saw it again – a shiny grey mass rising out of the waves and glistening in the sun just for a few seconds. I knew instantly that this was not a dolphin. It was something much larger and much heavier, disappearing into the water for long stretches of time. In fact, after a few glimpses of this creature, I couldn’t spot it anymore for maybe another five minutes. But then it came back, rising out of the water higher than ever!

“Whales!” one of the crew members exclaimed. “A mama and a baby,” clarified our skipper.

I had never seen whales before. It was an incredible feeling. Although we thought we saw some tail splashing far in the distance earlier in the week, this was a much closer encounter. The whales swam parallel to our boat for a while, disappearing back into the water for long stretches of time, and then reappearing with their backs just above the water. We all gathered on the deck and stared out into the open ocean, long after the whales were out of sight. This was a true wilderness encounter.

One of Julia’s glorious sails in full wind

But it didn’t stop there. I woke up one morning with cheers and laughter roaring from the back of the boat. Having woken up early, Rami stumbled back into our cabin and proudly proclaimed that they have caught two tuna fish and it was Caio’s birthday in addition to his own! Despite having me swear not to tell anyone that it was his birthday, Rami couldn’t keep his secret when he found out that Caio’s birthday was literally that same day. And what a coincidence it was that Mother Nature gifted these men two heavy tuna fish that were caught at the same time! This was probably the freshest tuna I have ever eaten in my life and a testament to the wonder of this adventure. Every night for the rest of the week we ate pieces of the birthday cake and doubled-over from laughter as we watched Omari and Hamisi dance to the “Happy Birthday” song by the Tanzanian singer Diamond Platnumz.

We even caught a third tuna towards the end of the trip!

In fact, a very special cultural experience was a visit to the village where Omari and Hamisi live. Situated on Pemba Island, this tiny village was full of kids that swarmed us as soon as we got out of the dinghy. “Jambo! Jambo!” they exclaimed, waving their hands and following us wherever we went. The girls really took a liking to my scarf that I wore around my legs to cover my knees as a sign of respect to this Muslim society. They touched my scarf and giggled, turning away as soon as I made eye contact.

Omari and Hamisi took turns showing us their houses. At each one, we were welcomed to sit on the carpets laid out on the floor while numerous relatives and swarms of kids surrounded us and watched us attentively. Each time we were presented with hot sweet tea, made from ginger, cinnamon and cardamom. As we sat cross-legged on the floor, we were invited to share a meal with their closest relatives. From freshly-baked bread, to grilled fish, to boiled sweet potatoes and chapati pancakes, we got a true taste of the food that locals in this village eat every day. The ingredients came from their home-grown gardens that we saw with our very own eyes while walking around the village.

Houses in the village on the island of Pemba
Sitting on the floor in one of the houses and sharing a meal

The children of the village were shy at the beginning, studying us with curiosity when they thought we weren’t looking. But when I took out my phone to take pictures, I found myself surrounded by smiling faces eager to take a selfie. Some of the older kids started practicing their English abilities, asking us questions like “What is the name of your mother?” and “Where are you from?” Sadly, it became clear very quickly that they did not understand our answers. It turned out that our Swahili was at times more advanced than their English.

Although some were shy at first, the kids quickly became eager to take pictures
They raised their hands up in the air and smiled from ear to ear
Group picture with village children

The visit to this local village showed a juxtaposition of the old and the new. The villagers lived in crudely-built stone houses and slept on the floor. Yet they had plenty of home-grown food and managed to cook, wash, clean and even educate their children. In the absence of electricity, the villagers used their cell phones for light when it got dark, and charged their phones with solar power during the day. It appeared that they lived in a remote area, yet just a half-hour drive away was a forest reserve where researchers studied the flora and fauna of the Pemba Island. There is no doubt that this village was remote and secluded, but its way of life was far from primitive.

Towards the end of our sailing adventure, it was time to head back to the northern part of Zanzibar called Nungwi. We got so used to spending nights in the serenity of the empty waters without any boats in sight, that when we finally got to Nungwi, we were shocked by jet-skis zooming by and music drifting from the bars on the shore.

A bar on Nungwi beach at sunset

The next morning we all sat quietly on the deck, staring out into the distance, unable and unwilling to disturb the last few moments of silence we came to appreciate over the past week living on the boat.

Thank you to Julia and the crew for an unforgettable week of adventure!

When it came time to say our goodbyes to the crew, we were all sad that this journey was over. As I climbed into the dinghy for the last time like a pro, I gave Julia one last look-over. This is what our travels are all about – new experiences that shake us outside of our comfort zone and show us that even the more remote places in this world can be accessible.

Kilimanjaro: Our journey to the Top of Africa

During our entire hike to the peak of Kilimanjaro, I kept a journal, writing my observations every day. The following are my journal entries, almost verbatim.

Our journey in a nutshell

Day 1 – Hakuna Matata
Date: Aug 15, 2017
Start: Lemosho Gate (2,100 m)
End: Mti Mkubwa Camp (2,650 m)

Jambo Africa! We arrived in Tanzania on Sunday, Aug 13th and spent the next day relaxing at the Springlands Hotel. I was actually quite jet lagged, so I’m happy we took a rest day. We met our guide Issa, rented sleeping bags, hiking poles and other gear, and packed for our hike.

Today we officially started our climb! We met our team of porters, a chef, and assistant guide, and we were driven first to register for the hike and weigh our bags, and later to the starting point.

At the Lemosho Gate, right before starting our climb

We arrived at the Lemosho gate around 1:45 pm and had a picnic lunch. There were huge black and white fluffy monkeys in the trees! We already saw some zebras and giraffes on our drive earlier today, so the monkeys are a great bonus.

At 2:00 pm, we officially started to climb Kilimanjaro. We were going through the rainforest part of the mountain, as that is the landscape that exists at the lower altitude. There are lots of trees all around with branches resembling ropes, just hanging down from the trees. We saw the black and white monkeys again several times as well as blue monkeys.

Rami and our guide Issa starting to walk on the trail

When we started the climb, the rainforest was dead silent, but soon enough we heard various birds singing or calling each other. There weren’t any insects except for some red ants on the ground and a caterpillar. Apparently the red ants bite, but to keep them out, you can sprinkle some salt around your tent since they are afraid of it.

The lower part of Kilimanjaro is characterized by the rainforest

The weather is a bit unpredictable. If you’re not moving, you will be cold just standing under the shady canopy of the trees, It also rained intermittently throughout our hike, but our rain jackets saved us. In the sun, it can easily get pretty hot, especially if you’re climbing uphill.

Taking the very first few steps on the Lemosho trail

The climb wasn’t very steep today and we completed it in just two hours instead of three hours that is usually expected for this distance. But the ground was full of tree roots, so we had to really watch where we stepped.

Our camp is great so far! Our tent includes a sleeping area that is sectioned off, with mattresses on which we can put our sleeping bags. The other area has a folding table and chairs where we will eat our dinner. We also have our own private toilet in a separate tent that is pitched nearby.

We arrived at our first camp!
Our tent – home for the next week!
I downloaded an app that measures the elevation of where you are. It seems to be fairly accurate. Here’s a reading from our camp
Our private toilet tent
Our teeny tiny sit-down toilet in our toilet tent

Our team is feeding us well. We snacked on some popcorn and tea while awaiting dinner.

Washing our hands in small plastic tubs before dinner
Our first dinner. Some soup to warm up and hydrate, followed by so much food!
Mmm, dinner

There is also a huge monkey that was walking around the tents earlier. Ahh! As I’m writing this , the monkey nearly gave me a heart attack by poking its head into our tent! We had to shoo it away.

The monkey that was hanging around the campground, and peeked its head into our tent

So far there’s nothing to worry about, although I can see how it could easily get pretty cold up here. But for now, hakuna matata!

Day 2 – Pole, Pole!
Date: Aug 16, 2017
Start: Mti Mkubwa Camp (2,650 amsl)
End: Shira One Camp (3,610 amsl)

“Pole, Pole!” in Swahili means slowly, slowly. That is the exact strategy that is used by our guide as well as many others in order to successfully summit Kilimanjaro. You don’t want to ascend too high, too quickly because you will exert unnecessary energy and you will sweat a lot, potentially leaving you dehydrated. So it’s best to take it one step at a time.

Yesterday the slow pace surprised me and actually tired me out when we walked on flat terrain. But today I welcomed the Pole Pole strategy with open arms as we climbed up almost 1,000 m from 2,650 m at the Mti Mkubwa (Big Tree) campsite to 3,610 m at Shira One Camp.

Starting our hike on Day 2
Even though we depart our camp while our tents are still there, very soon the porters pass us by carrying the tents, provisions and other equipment

The day started out pretty cold. In fact, Rami and I were a bit cold at night even though we had a couple of layers on and slept in sleeping bags rated for -30oC. So when we resumed our hike today through the shady forest, I was wearing a wool base layer, a fleece and a rain-jacket to keep warm.

It was also very new to us to sleep on the ground in a tent. I’ve only done this once before on a school trip to Algonquin Park in grade ten, while Rami had never camped. Our bodies were sore in the morning after sleeping on the hard ground.

The forest changed a bit from the rainforest we hiked through yesterday to one of those enchanted forests you read about and imagine in fairy tales. It was dark and full of dense trees that had green, hair-like vegetation drooping from the branches. It’s as if we were in some ancient story or fairy tale, walking happily on the trail between these dense trees, just minutes away from something bad happening to us.

With our guide Issa and assistant guide Seleman in the enchanted forest
Taking a break among the trees in the enchanted forest

But nothing happened, and soon enough the forest ended abruptly and was replaced by tall bushes on both sides of the trail. From here on until our next camp, the ground was full of dust and rocks of various proportions. This dust managed to get everywhere – in my nose and in my mouth, on my clothes and on my daypack, and all over my hiking boots to the point where I couldn’t see their original colour anymore.

The trail changed once we exited the forest

The temperature changed as well, with the sun beaming down on us and no shade in sight to hide under. I had to peel away my layers and regretted that I didn’t wear a t-shirt instead.

On the trail with the temperature getting much warmer now that there’s no shade

From here it was not an easy climb. Some people say Kilimanjaro is a “walk-up” mountain, and I suppose it is in some areas. But the terrain we tackled today was basically like walking up the stairs for about four hours. Thank god Rami and I started doing Bikini Body Guide (BBG) workouts in preparation for this trip as those workouts had a lot of step-up exercises. Today was like a four-hour-long step-up exercise, made harder by the fact that each rock we stepped on was different and was a bit slippery because of the dust.

Taking a break after climbing for what seemed like forever under the scorching sun

Today was definitely a challenge. At one point, I found myself to be a bit frustrated – with myself, with the hot weather, and with the never-ending trail that just kept going up and up at a steep angle. “But this is only day two!” I kept telling myself. I knew I had to push myself.

The altitude also makes it harder to breathe as the air gets thinner and less oxygen is available, which only adds to the challenge.

As we climbed to the top of one ridge, we finally saw the peak of Kilimanjaro. Covered partially in clouds, it stood there a bit intimidating to be honest. I can’t believe that (hopefully) we will climb all of this way to the top.

The first time we saw the peak of Kilimanjaro

Our hike today took just under five hours, including our walk through the enchanted forest and a short stop for lunch.

We finally made it to our second camp. So tired!
Our tent was already set up and ready for relaxing
This view though!
Admiring the peak and contemplating the next few days that lie ahead
Can’t get enough of this view

Right now we are relaxing at our camp, awaiting dinner and admiring the peak.

In the evening, we took a group photo with our entire team: one guide, one assistant guide, one chef and five porters.
Group selfie with our team!

Day 3 – Above the clouds
Date: Aug 17, 2017
Start: Shira One Camp (3,610 amsl)
End: Shira Two Camp (3,850 amsl)

We had another cold night last night even though we were wearing even more layers this time. I think I drifted in and out of sleep the entire night, waking up from the cold. But on the plus side, every time I woke up at night to use the washroom, I would notice the night sky. It was so dark with hundreds of stars shining down on us. I’ve never seen the stars so clearly in my life. Rami spotted the Big Dipper, and I for the first time ever saw what I think was the Milky Way. It is also dead quiet here at night. The silence is deafening!

The nights are pitch dark, but the sky is full of stars
Not impressed by the cold

As soon as the sun comes up, it starts to get noticeable warmer. Our hike today took us across the Shira plateau, and I gradually peeled away my layers one by one until I was left wearing a t-shirt. That is how powerful the sun can be here, especially at these higher altitudes.

Our trail today included a wonderful view of Kilimanjaro
Walking across the Shira plateau

Today was not a particularly hard day. In fact, today was meant as a day for acclimatization. We walked across the moorlands for a long time, mostly walking on flat ground.

Once the sun comes up, it gets warm really fast

Here and there, our guide Issa pointed out animal poop from buffalos and mountain goats. He explained that at times, a fog descends on the moorlands, and the animals get lost and wander around until the dog is lifted. Other than that, no animals live on the moors.

We then approached the base of a peak that we needed to climb in order to acclimatize. The trail steepened, but I also noticed many trees covered with droopy, hair-like vegetation, similar to the enchanted forest from yesterday. We could see the Uhuru Peak from our trail easily and clearly as the clouds surrounding it parted.

Droopy hair-like vegetation on tree branches on our trail
Rami with our guide and assistant guide

We climbed to the top of the peak called Cathedral Point, which is at 3,872 m above sea level. The most astonishing thing was that we ended up standing there at the peak, looking down upon a fluffy blanket of clouds surrounding us. We were above the clouds! Besides being in an airplane, I had never been above the clouds before. With the sun shining, the clouds looked like a never-ending swimming pool, inviting us for a swim in its fluffiness.

At Cathedral Point
Happy to be above the clouds
Clouds below us
That’s where we’re going!
Doing some push-ups at Cathedral Point to get used to the altitude

We concluded our hike by making our way to Shira Two Camp, which required us to descend quite a bit and then climb back up to 3,850 m elevation. All in all, our hike today lasted about 4.5 hours. It wasn’t too bad at all, but I noticed my upper back on my right side was hurting a lot. I’m not sure if it’s my lung that’s giving me trouble from my heavy breathing during the climb, or if my backpack is not sitting right on me.

We are required to carry 3L of water with us in our daypacks every day. Combined with my DSLR and extra layers of clothing, my daypack weighed 5kg today. I’m going to try and lighten it up a bit tomorrow.

At Shira 2 Camp
We are required to register at every camp we reach. Here I am registering at Shira 2 with our guide Issa

At camp, our tent was already set up as always and we washed our hands with warm water and soap in small plastic tubs. Shortly after, we were served a hot lunch consisting of chicken stew with potatoes and vegetables, as well as muffins, avocado and hot tea. We are very happy with the food that’s provided to us so far. It actually tastes good and there’s so much of it! We have never been able to finish a single meal so far – that’s how much food we’re given!

Today I noticed that when the hike is fairly gentle, stupid songs get stuck in my head for hours at a time as I daydream and walk in my own zone. For example, we saw a white-neck raven today – a huge bird with shiny black feathers. All I could think about afterwards was a Russian song “Vorona”, which means “raven”.

We also came across an area meant as a helicopter landing area to rescue hikers that fall dangerously ill. Shortly after, we encountered an ambulance that took away one of the hikers, driving down the only road that runs through the Kili National Park. It’s scary to think that it’s possible to get very sick here. But thank god, we haven’t felt altitude sickness at all so far.

A place for a helicopter to land in case it needs to rescue sick hikers
Concluding the day with a sunset photo of the clouds

Day 4 – Lava Tower
Date: Aug 18, 2017
Start: Shira Two Camp (3,850 amsl)
End: Barranco Camp (3,900 amsl)

Last night we actually had our first good sleep on the mountain! But it took a lot of layers to keep us warm. I personally was wearing four: a t-shirt, my wool base layer, my red poofy jacket and a down jacket that we rented from Zara Tours. We woke up refreshed and ready to tackle the day.

We started off walking uphill through the alpine dessert, with lava-covered rocks scattered around us. It was a steady, uphill trek, but the angle of incline wasn’t very steep.

The trail wasn’t very steep today

As it happens every day, porters from our own tour company and all the others passed us by. I was once again amazed at how much stuff they carry, often wearing running shoes instead of hiking boots. They tend to carry the heaviest things on their heads because it’s apparently easier since there is less weight pulling them back. They get to camp or the lunch spot way before us to set up everything and cook for us. We later learned that a porter, who is just starting out, earns only about USD$40-50 for the entire duration of the trip. It seems like such a small amount, but for them it’s clearly worthwhile.

Porters passing us by on the trail

The goal of today was to reach a big rock called the Lava Tower, sitting at 4,600 m above sea level. Starting at Shira Two Camp at 3,850 m, we were able to complete this 750 m ascent in just shy of four hours.

We reached Lava Tower! The weather got colder, so we have to wear our jackets now
At Lava Tower with our guide
Pointing to Lava Tower
Here it is!

At the Lava Tower, our tent was temporarily set up with our dining table and chairs. We were quickly served a hot lunch consisting of fried chicken, veggies, sweet potatoes, French toast, juice and some sliced pineapple. We spent an hour eating lunch at this altitude in order to acclimatize.

Enjoying our hot lunch

It was actually quite gloomy as we were literally inside a cloud with low visibility. It was easy to get cold just sitting in one place without moving.

The sun disappeared as we reached Lava Tower. The day became a bit gloomy
Tents from another tour company sitting in the cloud for lunch at Lava Tower

After lunch we actually started descending to our next camp – the Barranco camp at 3,900 m high. Here we will spend the night.

We made it to our next camp!

Our descent took us through another moorlands landscape, along a stream that carries water from the glacier that sits at the top of Kilimanjaro. It’s important to note that the water we’re given to drink on this entire climb comes from the mountain itself – either from a nearby river or a glacial stream. Our team then boils the water and gives it to us. But of course we also use our own water purification tablets to clean the water before we drink it just to be safe.

Going down to Barranco Camp for the night

I found the descent to the Barranco camp a bit difficult on my knees. At times the trail was a bit slippery as well and it was easy to lose your balance if you weren’t careful. But the sights all around us were magnificent. It was possible to see a cross-section of the mountain, enveloped in clouds. There was also a lot of green vegetation. We even saw a little blue bird drinking from one of the plants.

These cool trees were everywhere on our descent to Barranco Camp. I couldn’t help but take a picture with one of them
This plant closes at night because the weather gets colder. But during the day it opens and collects water, so that little birds can drink from it

Besides mild headaches that seem to have disappeared, Rami and I don’t feel any symptoms of altitude sickness. I hope it stays this way.

The view from our camp tonight
Enjoying the view
The sun came out for a short little bit right before dinner at our camp
Rami being dramatic by airing out his tired feet and hiking boots

Our camp for tonight as well as the last portion of today’s trek was a lot busier because today our Lemosho route joined with Machame route at the Lava Tower. There are literally a hundred tents at our campground and it is noticeable nosier. This also means that there will be a lot more people traffic from now on until the very peak. But as our guides say, this is not a competition. We just have to take it one step at a time.

Day 5 – The Barranco Wall
Date: Aug 19, 2017
Start: Barranco Camp (3,900 amsl)
End: Karanga Camp (3,995 amsl)

After another chilly night, we got ready for our climb. These cold nights are really not fun to be honest. I even noticed some frost on the top of our tent this morning.

Washing my hands in the warm water before breakfast. Brr!

But there is nothing that gets your heart pumping, your blood flowing and your body warmer than climbing. This is especially true if you’re faced with an almost vertical incline. The Barranco Wall is exactly that. There is barely even a trail. Instead we were climbing from one boulder to another, holding onto jagged rocks for balance. Thank god the exercises we did as part of our prep for this trip included lots of squats and step-ups. Today more than any other day it was all about the leg muscles and being able to lift your knee to your chest as you placed your foot on the rock and then use that leg to step up on top of that rock.

THIS is our “trail” for this morning
Following our guide on the Barranco Wall
Putting those leg muscles to real work today

One rock after another, we continued to climb the Barranco Wall. Clouds would surround us and then pass, but overall it felt like we were climbing in a fog the entire time. We reached the top of the Barranco Wall in one and a half hours, ascending over 340 m from our last night’s campsite. It was quite the achievement – 340 m in 1.5 hours! Usually hikers take about two hours to reach the top.

We made it to the top of the Barranco Wall
Just a white cloud behind us at this point

We spent fifteen minutes at the top taking pictures of the clouds that covered our view and congratulating each other. The porters have to climb the exact same wall, all the while wearing heavy backpacks and balancing baskets full of camping equipment on their heads.

Afterwards we resumed our hike, this time walking a little bit downhill towards our campsite. Perhaps I misunderstood our guide, but for some reason I thought our descent to our camp is going to be gentle and uneventful. I was happily walking down the trail, admiring the lava rocks around me covered with black and hairy moss. There were some yellow and white flowers on the way. The weather was cold, but I was fine wearing my jacket.

Happily walking along the trail, enjoying the slight decline
Taking the time to really enjoy my surroundings
Just a little incline in the trail and some rocks on the way
Rami and the assistant guide happily walking along the trail down to our camp

Finally our guide pointed out our campsite in the distance. It looked maybe fifteen minutes away, and I started picturing a hot lunch waiting for us.
Imagine my shock when instead of going straight towards our campsite, we suddenly came across a very deep valley. I was floored and then a little bit discouraged. I came to realize that we had to descend all the way down to the floor of the valley and then climb all the way back to its other side! “How inefficient!” I thought to myself.

WHAT IS THAT?! At this point, I was really shocked to see this valley and realize that we have to go all the way down in order to go up that path you see there on the other side

The Karanga Valley was definitely not the most fun part of the day. Its slopes are steep and often just made up of dirt. Without ricks on the path, you don’t have much traction. As a result, it’s very easy to slip and fall. Luckily there were many trees along the way, and I grasped them for balance.

After climbing all the way back up to the other side of the valley, we arrived at the Karanga Camp sitting at 3,995 m above sea level.

Finally reached our camp for the night

Here we just had a delicious hot lunch of fried chicken, French fries, salad, fruits and hot tea. All in all, we completed 3 hours and 45 minutes of hiking today.

Okay, this hot lunch makes up for the Karanga Valley. Yum!
As the evening approached, our tent was swallowed by a cloud
As was our private toilet tent

Tomorrow we will finally hike to the Base Camp of Kilimanjaro!

Day 6 – Base Camp
Date: Aug 20, 2017
Start: Karanga Camp (3,995 amsl)
End: Base Camp (4,673 amsl)

Today is a critical day as not only did we have to hike to Base Camp in the morning, but at night we start our ascent to the top of Kilimanjaro – the Uhuru Peak.

Our view of Kili right before heading out on our hike to Base Camp

The morning trek took us through the alpine dessert. The trail had a steady include almost the entire way to Base Camp, but we hiked slowly so as to not run out of breath. There were just a few boulders to climb, but nothing compared to the Barranco Wall we scaled yesterday. My leg muscles are pretty sore, especially my calves. I also find that the first hour of hiking is always the hardest as my muscles get warmed up and my shoulders get used to the weight of my daypack. After that, it somehow gets a bit easier.

On the trail to Base Camp with the clouds in the back
Taking a break and doing some posing
Just the alpine desert and clouds behind us

We made it to Base Camp in 2h 40 mins. At 4,673 m elevation, Base Camp is 678 m higher than our camp from the night before. Here we could see the ending point of a glacier at one of Kili’s peaks.

Made it to Base Camp
And we’re going there tonight!
Signing into Base Camp. This is a big deal!
Now the real work begins

Base Camp is full of tents everywhere. There are people like us, who are planning to summit. But there are also people who have already summited and they’re coming down the mountain to pick up their stuff from their tents. There’s a different energy here as we can actually see people hiking down the mountain’s slope. Those that are incoming are congratulating those who summited and are now outgoing.

Tents everywhere! There was a huge group of students with 20 identical tents set up side by side

The sun was very strong when we first arrived at Base Camp. It’s easy to get sunburnt if you’re not careful. There is however a chilly wind blowing through the camp, so a jacket is still necessary.

Resting while waiting for our lunch

After having a hot lunch, the guides ushered us to take a nap. I think I only slept for two hours since out tent is stuffy from the relentless sun. I also had a headache today hiking to Base Camp. After taking some ibuprofen, it got better, but after napping I feel like it’s coming back. I’m not sure if the headache is due to altitude or dehydration (I drank barely 2L yesterday) or hunger (I didn’t eat well last night) or lack of proper sleep (the cold nights continue preventing me from sleeping well).

Killing some time and reading in the afternoon after our nap
Staying hydrated before tackling the summit

There are also cute little mice running around, scavenging for food. We first noticed them at our lunch stop at the Lava Tower, but to see them at this altitude in this barren landscape is a wonder.

So the plan for the rest of the day is as follows: around 5:00 pm we will have an early dinner, then we will nap again until 11:00 pm, at which point we will pack our daypack and get ready. We should be on the trail around midnight, equipped with our headlamps to light the path. It should take anywhere between 6 to 8 hours to reach the Uhuru Peak summit, just in time to hopefully take some nice photos right after sunrise. After that, we will descend back to Base Camp for brunch and then descend further to Mweka hut for dinner and our last night on the mountain.

Kilimanjaro, we’re ready for you!

I’m actually quite nervous. I really hope we can make it to the Top of Africa!

Day 7 – Started from the bottom, now we’re here
Date: Aug 21, 2017
Start: Base Camp (4,673 amsl)
End: Mweka Camp (3,100 amsl)

We made it! We climbed to the top of Mount Kilimanjaro – Africa’s highest mountain! Wow, what an accomplishment! It feels a bit surreal right now actually, probably because we’re sleep deprived and exhausted. Most importantly I can tell you that it wasn’t easy.

We made it!

So we woke up from our evening nap yesterday around 11:00 pm. We packed our daypacks and organized our belongings that would stay down at Base Camp while we climb. Around 11:30 pm, we had some warm tea and cookies just to warm up our stomachs. Then in pitch darkness at 12:15 am (that is 15 mins past midnight) we started our ascent.

It was cool to see lines of headlamps above and below us as we climbed. Against the backdrop of the night sky littered with stars and pitch darkness all around us, the headlamps were kind of beautiful. They also let us know that we weren’t the only ones climbing to the peak.

It was freezing outside! The wind was also incredibly cold and strong enough to make you lose your balance at times. Luckily we were prepared with our gear. I wore no less than five layers on the top: 100% wool base layer t-shirt, 100% wool base layer long-sleeved shirt, a fleece, and two jackets – one on top of the other. On the bottom I wore two layers of thermal underwear, my hiking pants and finally rain-pants that we rented from our tour company. On my head, I wore a hat liner, my alpaca wool hat and the hood from my red jacket. I also had thick gloves on my hands and a fleece scarf to cover my face from the wind.

Rami’s gear was similar – five layers on top, three on the bottom, three on his head, thick gloves and a bandana to cover his face. Can you imagine how much clothes we were wearing?! But it was all worth it as we didn’t feel the cold except for on our faces.

The trail was very steep. The cold wind kept blowing in our faces without stopping at all. Our noses ran from the cold and our throats were dry from breathing in cold air.

Climbing to the peak coupled with all the previous days of hiking and camping was easily the hardest thing I’ve ever done in my life from a physical perspective. Rami and I were both worried about getting sick from the altitude even though we’ve done so much acclimatization over the last few days. But in the end, it wasn’t altitude sickness that got us – it was back pain. Maybe because we weren’t using hiking poles or maybe because our back muscles are weak, but our backs started aching around the two-hour mark.

At first the pain was easy to ignore as I concentrated on shielding my face from the wind, but soon enough I had to request a break and just lie on top of a flat boulder to release the pressure. This worked for about two minutes as the pain returned when we resumed our climb.

I must admit I had my weak moments. Quitting wasn’t an option of course. I didn’t just camp in the freezing cold nights just to quit! Sitting on a rock for too long was not an option either as without movement, you would feel cold within a minute. The only way was up.

But the back pain was pretty bad. There were a couple of times when my eyes swelled with tears as I realized that I had to endure this pain for several hours more. During one particular break, I once again stretched out on a rock and looked up into the sky. With no cloud cover, the sky was full of bright stars. Then, all of a sudden I saw two shooting stars! I pointed them out to Rami and secretly made a wish that we would both make it to the peak.

I’d love to say that that was a turning moment for me, but alas it was not. Rami and I continued to climb through the back pain, and my emotions bounced from being sad and tired to frustrated.

Mentally, the most challenging part of the climb was not knowing just how close you are to the top or to the important milestone called Stella Point. At an elevation of 5,756 m, Stella Point is just 45-60 mins away from the ultimate peak – the Uhuru Peak. But in the darkness, it was impossible to judge for ourselves how close we were to Stella Point. Our guides could tell us roughly how much time was left to reach it, but Rami and I both found it hard to be in the darkness about our progress.

In fact, I saw the sign for Stella Point so suddenly that I was shocked that we finally reached it. It came out of nowhere! The sun was just starting to peek above the horizon, so the sign was still enveloped in darkness and difficult to see from afar.

Finally at Stella Point I felt happy and relieved. Our guides hugged us and said we were doing great. We each had a cup of hot ginger tea from a thermos the guides took along with them, and then we were back on the trail towards the peak.

As the sun came up, we could finally appreciate our surroundings. We passed by several glaciers on our left, situated against the perfect backdrop of a blanket of clouds. To our right, we saw the gigantic crater that was once spewing lava when this volcano was active.

With the glacier behind us
The crater of Kilimanjaro. Apparently it’s possible to camp here for one night, but it would be absolutely freezing

Ahead of us was THE SIGN! The sign that we made it to Uhuru Peak! We made it to the Top of Africa! The rising sun illuminated the sign perfectly for us.
All in all, we started our climb at 12:15 am and reached the peak at 6:40 am. From Base Camp, this means that we climbed 1,222 m in 6 hrs 25 mins. Despite being at 5,895 m above sea level, we didn’t feel altitude sick at all.

We conquered it!
Canada represent!
With our awesome team! We couldn’t have made it up there without their support and encouragement
Super happy to have completed this!
As one of our guides said, “No pain, no gain”

After taking some pictures in the freezing cold (it was -18oC at least!), we started to head back down. We realized that we were actually one of the first few groups to reach the summit. As we descended, we saw lots of people still trekking towards the peak. With the sun now fully above the horizon, we snapped a photo at Stella Point before heading all the way down to Base Camp.

At Stella Point, now that we could actually see it in the sunlight

We used a slightly different trail to descend. It was full of rocky sand, which made it fairly easy to glide down, albeit dangerous. Despite finally using hiking poles for going down, our knees started to ache. We also noticed a pair of Japanese guys that had to be carried down by their guides due to altitude sickness, despite reaching the summit successfully just moments before us.

Sliding down through the rocky sand all the way back to Base Camp

We made it back to Base Camp at 9:15 am. At that time, we ended up taking a quick one-hour nap in our tent since we didn’t sleep at night. After that, we had a quick lunch, changed into lighter clothes and set out descending towards Mweka Camp.

Our descent took about 3.5 hours, but it started raining and there were a lot of rocks on the trail. Right now our knees hurt from all the pressure of going downhill, especially on muddy and slippery rocks. The Mweka Camp sits at 3,100 m above sea level, which means that in addition to climbing to the peak of Kilimanjaro, we also descended almost 2,800 m today. We popped some ibuprofen to help our knees recover.

The rocky and muddy path down to Mweka Camp
So tired!

Overall, I’m very happy with what we have been able to achieve. It definitely wasn’t easy. I’m proud of myself and of Rami for persevering through the back pain, through the cold wind, and through climbing such a challenging trail. We heard from our guide that not everyone who started the climb with us today made it to the top. Some people have failed. And others, like the Japanese guys, succumbed to altitude even after reaching the peak. I guess I’ll take back pain and achy knees over failure any day.

Day 8 – Asante sana, Kilimanjaro
Date: Aug 22, 2017
Start: Mweka Camp (3,100 amsl)
End: Mweka Gate (1,640 amsl)

The Mweka Camp where we spent our last night on the mountain was back in the rainforest climate zone. You could feel the humidity in the air even though the weather was still cool.

Both Rami and I must have passed out from the long day when we finally got into our sleeping bags for the night. We both slept through the entire night without waking up.

In the morning, after breakfast, we gathered with our entire team to tell them “Asante sana” or “Thank you very much” for taking such good care of us and making our trek as comfortable as possible. In return, they sang us once more a song about Kilimanjaro. I loved how everyone on that team always had a positive attitude and a smile on their faces. They truly did a great job always having our tent ready and feeding us lots of good food.

Thank you to our entire team for making our journey to the top as comfortable as possible

Afterwards we started hiking down the last stretch of the mountain to the Mweka gate. It actually started raining, so the trail was very muddy and slippery in some places. Rami and I both wore our rain jackets and realized that on this trip, we really put every single piece of technical clothing that we had to the test!

Starting our final descent down to the gate
Now it’s an easy downhill trek
Really happy to be finally going down the mountain

It took us about 2.5 hours to reach the Mweka gate, descending almost 1,500 m down to an elevation of 1,640 m above sea level.

Yes, we did it!
The other end of the finish sign

It was a bit unbelievable to see all the vehicles waiting to pick up the hikers after the Kili trek. In a way, it was also a big relief to finally feel that we finished this journey. At this point, I was also day-dreaming about finally taking a shower after eight days of the camping lifestyle.

We signed a Kilimanjaro comment book at the tourist hut and then hopped into our van to drive back to our hotel. At the hotel, the staff congratulated us and our guides presented us with certificates of achievement.

It’s a nice touch to receive certificates of completion to commemorate our achievement
I’m definitely hanging this on the wall!

As more and more people congratulated us, the significance of our accomplishment started to sink in. After all, not everybody made it to the top. We later learned that one young woman from Germany had to quit after two hours of climbing on summit night because she simply felt too cold, despite wearing five layers of clothing. However, her boyfriend continued on and I remember seeing him at the summit.

So what has this journey taught me? First, I think our mind is a powerful thing. If we really want something bad enough, then we can find the strength within us to achieve it. Rami’s mantra throughout the entire summit night was “Mind over body, mind over body,” which I think sums up how strong our willpower can be despite physical pain.

Second, despite the fact that we were all strangers to each other, I heard words of encouragement every time I sat down on a rock to rest. “Don’t give up!” a guide from another tour company would urge me as he passed by with his group. “You are so close already!” I would hear through the darkness. I think challenges like this can bring out a sense of community or brotherhood in people. In fact, our own guides nicknamed Rami as Simba, like the lion from the Lion King. As for me, they called me “dada”, which means “sister” in Swahili. “Dada, you made it!” said our guide Issa to me when we reached Stella Point. “Simba!” they would exclaim whenever Rami reached a major milestone. It was a nice feeling to know that in the end, we were all together, united by a common goal to reach the top.

Finally, I think this journey taught me that no matter how intimidating a challenge can be, it’s possible to conquer it “Pole, pole”, one step at a time. This experience has been so different from anything that I’ve done before, and I am certain I will remember it for years and years to come.

Arequipa and the Colca Canyon: Of warm weather, llamas and condors

I was starting to get impatient. Where are they? We’ve been waiting here for at least half an hour, squinting from the sun and keeping our eyes peeled to the steep slopes of the canyon covered in the morning haze. Our guide said they appear every morning because the conditions are perfect at this time of the year. But I was starting to doubt it.

Then out of nowhere he appeared – a large, majestic condor, gliding through the air with his black and white wings spread out wide. Everyone around us let out an “Ah!” and started pointing even though our guide said to keep quiet so as to not spook the condors.

A condor gliding out of the canyon using naturally-forming warm air currents

Slowly, more condors appeared, gliding very close to the slopes of the canyon and disappearing somewhere below the cliffs where we could not see. They were still fairly far away, but I was happy we finally spotted them. There were probably a couple of hundred people crowding the two viewing platforms at the Condor Cross, gripping their cameras, peering with impatient eyes into the depths of the deepest canyon in the world.

The Colca Canyon in the morning haze
It’s cool but very sunny!
It’s hard to capture just how deep the canyon is from our vantage point

But soon enough the crowd start to thin out as tourists piled back into their vans. Rami and I were also ready to go, but our guide ushered us back to the viewing platforms, saying it was too early. I put my camera away and was just approaching the railing to admire the view of the canyon one last time when a lady standing at the railing smiled at me and waved me to come closer.

“There are so many of them!” she whispered as she nodded towards the slopes. All of a sudden, a few condors shot up into the air almost right above our heads. Then more and more of them appeared, circling around and gliding back and forth right in front of us. They were huge! Now that I could see them much closer, I could appreciate just how big these birds are. Later we learned from our guide that their wing span can be as long as five meters! It was all worth the wait.

These gigantic birds were so close to us, flying right above our heads!

But how did we get here?

After getting a nasty food poisoning on Lake Titicaca in Bolivia, we managed to take a bus and cross overland into Peru. The city of Arequipa was our first stop in Peru and we welcomed the warmer weather and lower altitude! For our entire stay in Arequipa, we still had to take antibiotics to battle our food poisoning, and unfortunately the pills made us quite nauseous. We lived off of instant soup packets and chips for that week, but we managed to enjoy Arequipa and take a trip to the Colca Canyon.

A cathedral at the main square in Arequipa
The main square in Arequipa, filled with people and pigeons
The first hostel we stayed at in Arequipa had a balcony with a great view of these colonial towers

On the way to the Colca Canyon, we had many opportunities to take pictures with llamas and alpacas. They are so funny-looking up-close!

A llama chilling out with its friends
I loved that the llamas and alpacas had ribbons in their ears. This is probably to differentiate them from llamas that belong to someone else, but I thought the ribbons were such a cute accessory!
An alpaca, whose wool is actually warmer than wool from a llama. Hence all of the sweaters, hats, gloves and socks that we saw being sold in Bolivia and Peru are made from alpaca wool
Look how many of them there are here! And they didn’t run away from us
We just had to take a selfie with this gal
Even though these guys are domesticated, I was still cautious of getting too close

Our tour to the Colca Canyon was actually quite pleasant. The company used large Mercedes vans that stopped on the side of the road every now and then to show us some wildlife.

Our van was quite comfy!
We spotted a small herd of vicuñas during our drive
…and lots of llamas and alpacas

Although we were there to see the condors, a very touristy thing to do was to take pictures with other wild birds. I’m not exactly sure what kind of bird this was, but it was fun to take pictures with it nevertheless!

Rami being a pro at handling this bird
A balancing act
Ok, my turn!
The bird goes on the head…
…it’s really heavy and I’m afraid its claw is going to end up in my eye…
…Then Rami gives me the best advice of all – jump a little! So I did and this is what happened

But back to Arequipa. It’s remarkable how different Peru was from Bolivia. All of a sudden, we noticed a Starbucks and a McDonald’s, which were nonexistent in the Bolivian cities that we visited. Arequipa also had a couple of shopping malls, home to familiar stores like H&M and fast food restaurants like Dunkin Donuts. We even saw a few Scotiabank branches around the city!

McD’s. A sign of internationalization.
Perhaps I thought a Starbucks in South America would have a different look and feel on the inside, but it was exactly the same as in Canada. Only a few items on the menu were different
The first of many Scotiabanks that we saw in Peru. Sadly, Scotiabank charged a much higher fee for withdrawing cash at its ATMs than other banks, so we didn’t use it.

And so it appeared that Peru was much more developed than Bolivia, and clearly more economically open to international food chains and stores. Another stark contrast between the two countries was the people and to some extent the language. Unlike Bolivia, where 80% of the population is indigenous, we struggled to recognize indigenous people in Arequipa. As well, we felt pretty confident with our Spanish after three weeks of classes in Bolivia, even though we knew that Bolivians speak very clearly and tend to annunciate words when they speak. But when we arrived in Peru, we instantly realized that Peruvians have some sort of a different accent when they speak Spanish. We found it a bit challenging to understand them and to be understood by the locals.

Admiring the view of the Colca Canyon

Although we loved our time in Bolivia, it was a breath of fresh air to arrive in Peru and to start discovering a new culture and new places, like the Colca Canyon with its magnificent condors and friendly llamas.

La Paz and Lake Titicaca: The highest places in the world that saw us hit our lows

We’ve heard fellow travellers say that you either love La Paz or you hate it. While “hate” is a strong word in my opinion, I’ll be honest with you – La Paz will not make it into my top ten cities of South America.

After visiting cities like Sucre, Potosi and Uyuni, all of which had a fairly relaxed atmosphere, La Paz hit me over the head with a brick of sensory overload. The city is very crowded, the sidewalks are so narrow that it’s very hard to simply stroll around, and there are many cafes catered only to tourists, which makes the city inauthentic. Did I mention the altitude? La Paz and its neighbouring El Alto are the highest cities in the world, which makes it challenging to walk up the stairs or even to walk up a hill. And there are a lot of hills in La Paz!

La Paz is located 3,689 meters above sea level

In addition, it was cold! Maybe we got a bit unlucky with our hostel, but our room was freezing, so much so that we slept under three heavy alpaca blankets and water bottles filled with hot water and tucked away under our sweaters. The shower also sucked, spitting either droplets of boiling hot water or a bucket-load of ice-cold water. There was no in between! We’ve read online many people complaining about the showers. It amazes me that a city so densely populated and so frequently visited by tourists and locals alike would have the worst showers in the country because they use an electric heater to heat up the water instead of gas.

Nevertheless, we did manage to have some fun in La Paz. In order to get quickly acquainted with the city, we went on a walking tour and learned very interesting tidbits about life in La Paz. One of the most interesting stories involved a prison that is situated in one of the main squares in the city. People who are imprisoned there actually have to pay in order to stay there! In addition, their wives and children can stay with them in the prison, but have full privileges of going in and out if they please. The children go to school every day, while the wives make money by selling fruits and vegetables in the markets for instance. In the evening, they all come back to their home in the prison. Apparently it’s much cheaper for the wives to live with their husbands in the prison as opposed to living away from them in the city.

One of the buildings at Plaza Murillo. Notice how the face of the clock is actually backwards

We also learned a bit more about the cholitas on the walking tour. Cholitas are indigenous women in Bolivia, usually from Quechua or Aymara backgrounds. But the cholitas in La Paz are different from those we encountered in Sucre. First, cholitas in La Paz are predominantly Aymara, whereas in Sucre there were a lot of cholitas from the Quechua culture. We learned from our guide in Uyuni that the best way to tell the difference between Aymara and Quechua people is to look at their cheekbones. The Aymara people have very high cheekbones that stick out and their faces are more pointed, whereas the Quechua people have a fairly round face. We could tell right away that the cholitas in La Paz were Aymara.

The second major thing that sets cholitas in La Paz apart from others was their clothing. In La Paz, the cholitas wear skirts that are much longer than anywhere else that we’ve seen. The length of the skirt goes down all the way to their ankles, covering what’s regarded the sexiest part of the cholita’s body – the calves. As well, cholitas in La Paz wear very tall bowler hats. The story goes that British businessmen came to La Paz and wanted to introduce and sell tall bowler hats to men. But when the shipment of hats came from England, they turned out to be too small for the men to wear. So the British convinced the women to wear the hats by touting them as the latest fashion statement. And of course because every woman wants to have what other women are wearing, the tall hat trend spread very quickly. As a result, these tall bowler hats became a must-have fashion accessory for the cholitas, who are so adept at wearing them that they don’t even need to secure them with anything. They use their head to balance the hat so naturally that they can even dance without the hat moving an inch!

Apart from the walking tour, we rode the cable car to the city of El Alto. The cable car ride took about ten minutes, giving us plenty of time to admire La Paz from above. The city is sprawled among the surrounding mountain slopes in a sea of red roofs and occasional soccer fields. The ride made me wonder what it’s like to live on those mountain slopes and how long it would take to get down to the city center amidst the traffic and the intertwining streets of the city.

The view of La Paz from the cable car
The cable car was actually a very pleasant ride, but we definitely felt the increase in altitude as we made our way to El Alto
After ten minutes in the cable car, we reached El Alto

Finally, we attended a cholitas wrestling match. I couldn’t believe it either at first, but it is in fact a wrestling competition that takes place between the cholitas, who wear their traditional outfits, skirts and all. It was entertaining, but a bit disturbing since the cholitas were quite violent with each other, pulling on each other’s braids while some of the referees spit in cholitas faces. Of course, the entire wrestling match is staged and we could tell that sometimes they just pretended to hit each other, while acting as if it hurt. However, this was the first time we watched wrestling live, and to see it performed by women wearing bulky skirts was quite entertaining.

Cholitas ready to fight!
A cholita twisting another cholita’s arms while kicking her in the head
When the cholitas come out to wrestle, they sport their bowler hats and twirl around without the hats falling off
Trying to be tough
Flexing our muscles

While La Paz was rough on us, I must admit that Lake Titicaca beat us up harder than any cholita. The bus ride to the highest lake in the world was quite scenic. At one point we had to take a boat across a small channel while our tour bus was ferried over separately. The town of Copacabana, which sits on the shores of Lake Titicaca, was small and touristy, but the weather was warmer than in La Paz and quite pleasant.

The lake itself is just that – a lake. I’m not sure what I was expecting from it exactly, but arriving to Lake Titicaca was a bit anticlimactic for me. But the worst part of our journey began when we took a boat ride to the nearby Isla del Sol. This Sun Island appears to exist solely for the purposes of attracting backpackers. There are many hostels where backpackers can spend the night, but besides that, there’s not much else.

The view of Lake Titicaca from Isla del Sol
Taking a break from climbing the trail to the top of the island
Children relaxing on the grass, while their mothers sell souvenirs to the tourists on the island

Of course the island is promoted as having ancient Inca ruins, of which the only one we managed to witness was the Inca stairs.

The Inca stairs, whose significance we don’t quite know

The island is also home to many donkeys, which are used to haul tourists’ backpacks or provisions up the steep slopes of the island. We had about four hours on the island, and being bored out of our minds, we ended up spending a lot of time in a restaurant. This is probably where we got one of the worst food poisonings of our lives.

A dog chilling out in the bushes on Isla del Sol
Donkeys are everywhere on the island
A happy moment with the donkeys before the food poisoning

We didn’t feel it until later in the evening, pretty much right before going to bed. Rami was the first to succumb to the illness, puking his guts out as I mentally tried to convince myself that I was fine. But soon enough it was my turn to stare at the bottom of the toilet, which turned into a very long night. We took turns being sick the entire night, with me breaking the record by throwing up five times! By the end of it, I had absolutely nothing left in me, and Rami didn’t even have the strength to stand up.

Our tummies were really hurting by the morning. I knew that this was no ordinary food poisoning since the pain and the nausea did not go away even after we puked everything out. My stomach was hurting so bad that I could barely walk. I basically had to stand in a hunched over position, while holding my stomach with one hand. We decided that we needed to get medical help immediately, and so we took a taxi to a nearby clinic. Using our broken Spanish and Google Translate, we were able to communicate with the doctors and we got a baggie full of different medications as well as antibiotic injections.

We stayed in Copacabana for one more night with the doctors checking up on us in the evening. After that we felt slightly better, but we wanted to get out of Copacabana out of fear that we might eat more food that could make us sick. You see, Copacabana is a tiny town that is very touristy. As a result, we believe that many of the restaurants just don’t care about food hygiene and quality. We needed to get out fast.

So we took a gruelling long bus ride, crossing the border into Peru and ending up in Arequipa. For five days straight, we had to take really strong antibiotics that made us dizzy and nauseous, and caused painful headaches. But the warmer climate in Arequipa and the atmosphere of a bigger city cheered us up and helped us recover even though we could only eat soup packets and crackers for the entire week.

Overall, we loved Bolivia due to its breathtaking landscapes and all of the memorable experiences that we’ve had, from taking Spanish lessons, to visiting the dinosaur park and rock climbing in Sucre, to descending into the darkness of the Potosi silver mines, and being blinded by the endless stretches of the salt flats in Uyuni. And despite the awful food poisoning, we would always have fond memories of Bolivia and would recommend anyone looking for an authentic South American adventure to put this exceptional country on your bucket list.

Salar de Uyuni: The world’s largest salt flat

The moment our 4×4 entered the salt flat was very unassuming. The road simply changed from dirt to salt abruptly, as if someone covered it with a thin, white blanket. But as our driver changed gears and stepped on the gas, I felt myself holding my breath and unable to blink as I looked around me at the vast desert covered with blindingly white salt. I turned around to look at my fellow tour mates and we all let out a laugh at the same time and shook our heads in disbelief. How could this be? One moment we were driving on a dirt road, through a small village selling alpaca sweaters and llama keychains. The next, we appeared to be floating on a surface as flat and white as a sheet of paper.

In fact, if I didn’t force myself to look at the crusty polygon shapes on the ground, I couldn’t even notice we were moving. Other SUVs far in the distance appeared to be suspended in the air, while mountains and volcanoes seemed to be hanging just a notch above the horizon.

The salt forms crusty polygons on the ground of the salt flat

But soon enough the optical illusion was disrupted as we approached a building, made entirely out of salt. This was the oldest salt hotel on Salar de Uyuni, with everything from walls to tables and chairs constructed out of blocks of salt. I was impressed and also a bit worried since I knew we were going to stay at a similar salt hotel later that night.

Inside of the salt hotel. Everything is made of salt
I just had to give this llama statue a big hug
Can’t believe I’m here! One more thing checked off the bucket list

We walked around, taking in the vastness of the flat. There were other tourists taking “perspective pictures”, playing with the illusion of the endless desert. A collection of flags outside of the salt hotel drew people to pose with the flag of their home country, while a monument of the 2015 Dakar Rally was hard not to photograph.

We found the Canadian flag!
Rami with the Dakar monument

The sun was high up in the sky and I tried to take off my sunglasses only to squint so hard that I couldn’t see anything anyway. The salt was blinding! It was cold enough for a jacket, but the sun was beaming down so hard that I was also afraid of getting burnt.

Soon it became our turn to take perspective pictures. We hopped back into our SUVs loaded at the top with our backpacks and jugs of gasoline to last us the full three days of our trip around Salar de Uyuni. After driving for another fifteen minutes right into the heart of the flat, we stopped in a place where there was nothing around us, but the vast stretches of salt. No other tourists were in sight and even the mountains blended into a single purple haze, indistinguishable from one another.

We were two SUVs and our drivers were kind enough to help each one of us to take some fun pictures, playing with the endless horizon of the salt flat. Our guide even coordinated two fun videos by positioning a Pringles can into the shot and having us “come out” of the Pringles can, pretending that we were entering a new planet for the first time.

A tough balancing act on the palm of Rami’s hand
You can’t visit the salt flat without taking at least one jumping picture
Don’t eat the salt! It will turn you into an ogre or a midget. The results are unpredictable 😀

The emptiness of the flat was unbelievable. I felt like I was in the Matrix, transported into the training module where there was nothing around me but whiteness. We must have spent about an hour taking pictures, but it felt like ten minutes for me. Before I could exhaust all the possibilities of crazy photographs that we could take, we were ushered back into the cars to our next stop – The Cactus Island.

Just when I thought the salt flat was completely empty, out of nowhere appeared a piece of land, full of cacti. The salt flat is actually the bottom of a prehistoric lake that no longer exists, and this piece of land is an island called Incahuasi. In fact, there are many islands on the salt flat, but this one is extra special since it is home to five thousand cacti, many of which are over one hundred years old.

What a contrast between the salt desert and this island!

The cacti are extremely tall with trunks as wide as trees in some cases. Although their needles are thicker than toothpicks, I’m sure they could do some serious damage if touched. Interestingly enough, these cacti are not native to this island. Their seeds were blown over here by the wind, sprouting up on the scarce pieces of fertile land among the desolate landscape.  I could only imagine how colourful this island must be when the cacti flower.

Reaching for the top!
Thousands of cacti lining up the slopes of the island
Rami made a new friend. He’s just afraid to hug him

We climbed to the top of the island, walking past the giant cacti and trying not to slip and fall. On more than one occasion, I felt like there was a person from our tour standing next to me only to discover that it was actually a tall cactus towering over me. I knew that I had to be more careful if I didn’t want to end up with a free acupuncture session!

Sitting among the cacti, admiring the vastness of the salt desert

As the sun started to set, we made our way back to our vehicles and set off for another spot on the flat where not a soul could be seen all around us. There we watched the sky as it lit up with shades of red and orange, admiring our shadows that stretched for probably a kilometer or two as the sun slipped below the horizon. The wind picked up and the temperature dropped drastically. Despite all of the layers of wool clothing I was wearing, I began to shiver.

The sunset over the salt flat
Look how long our shadows are in this sunset

We drove in pitch darkness towards a much larger piece of land, harbouring our hotel made entirely out of salt. The temperature in the room was cool just as I suspected, but the salt blocks insulated us from the strong winds that howled outside throughout the night. We slept under two alpaca blankets with a sleeping bag on top of us for good measure.

Our room in the salt hotel. Lots of blankets, that’s for sure!
Ok, I have to admit, I licked the wall in our salt hotel. I couldn’t help it! I needed to know…and yes, it tastes salty!

The remaining two days of our tour were full of adventure and admiration of the diverse landscape that this south-western part of Bolivia has to offer. The second day turned out to be particularly tough. We had an early morning start and started driving across another stretch of flat land, but this time it was not covered in salt. There were mountains and volcanoes all around us, and the land was so flat, that you could see the shadows of the clouds on the ground and on the slopes of the mountains. The wind was strong and cold, even though it was very sunny.

Flamingos feeding in a lake
Jumping for joy at the vastness of the altiplano
With some very picturesque mountains

I sat in the front passenger seat because I usually get a little carsick if I sit in the back. From my great vantage point, I spotted a South American animal called vicuna crossing the road or nibbling at the grass in the distance. Our driver was a Quechua man, and true to his roots, he continuously chewed coca leaves the entire day to fend off hunger and the effects of altitude. I sat there in the front, admiring the volcanoes around me, trying to spot vicunas and breathing in the smell of coca leaves as we drove on, stopping in certain spots to take pictures.

Looking at the active volcano in the distance
Serene landscape all around
There are so many cool rock formations
I’m prepared just in case it rains

Our entire trip to South America was timed to avoid the rainy season. As a result, we were visiting Bolivia during the winter – the driest, but also the coldest time of year. It just so happened that this year in particular, the area around Salar de Uyuni got a little bit more snow than usual. In fact, we were under the impression that we could only go on a two-day tour, because we were told the three-day tour may not be possible due to the heavy amount of snow.

However, we got lucky and the tour company decided to run three-day tours after all. But in the afternoon of the second day of our tour, we tried to make our way to Laguna Colorada (or the Red Lake as it is commonly called), and our group of four SUVs took turns getting stuck in the snow.

This is the moment we started to notice SOME snow on the ground
One of the SUVs on our tour being pulled out of the snow

At one particular stopover, we were pummeled by hail as we hobbled through the snow to a nearby restroom. The visibility decreased radically throughout the afternoon, but our guides were determined to show us all the must-see places on the tour. Due to the delays getting stuck in the snow, we were way behind schedule. By the time we got to Laguna Colorada, I started to feel carsick and altitude sick. Although Salar de Uyuni sits at over 3,600 meters above the sea level, I didn’t feel the altitude on the first day. But on the second day, we climbed all the way to an altitude of 5,000 meters. Coupled with a long afternoon on bumpy roads, the freezing weather and the snow, the altitude started to get to me. My head was pounding and I felt nauseous. When we finally got to our hotel for the second night, I went straight to bed.

And this is when we were pummeled by hail and the visibility was very low

Our final day of the tour was filled with wildlife spotting and looking at various rock formations. We started out looking at rock paintings made by the ancient Viscachani culture, which would mix animal blood with llama fat to make red paint. This ancient culture actually knew astronomy and painted various animals on the rocks, such as snakes and pumas, which they believed corresponded to the constellations in the night sky.

Rock paintings left by an ancient culture
A rock that looks like a mushroom!

While looking at the paintings, we spotted a viscacha among the rocks. This is a furry rodent that is a mix between a chinchilla and a rabbit. I even came across a ball of its fur stuck on a bush as it escaped from us between the rock formations. There was evidence of llamas from the hoof markings on the ground and an abandoned bone with a hoof that I found lying around. We saw Andean geese flying in twos above the land, and wild ostriches walking around among the bushes. There were also many llamas grazing on the grass in a mossy canyon that we visited.

Viscacha paw prints
A rock that looks like a camel
Sitting on top of a rock together with our fellow tour group
Hello from the “Italian City” – a group of very tall rock formations that form a maze
The “Italian City” from above
This opening in the rock was just calling to us to snap a photo
And here’s Rami rock climbing with one hand 😉
I’m your biggest fan, I’ll follow you until you love me. Llama, llama-razzi

Unlike Peru that heavily promotes tourism, Bolivia is humble and quiet on this front. As a result, it remains largely undiscovered and often overlooked by backpackers and tourists alike. But our tour of Salar de Uyuni and the surrounding areas clearly illustrated that there are natural wonders and ancient history that should be on everyone’s bucket list.

One unforgettable landscape

Potosi: The darkness of the silver mines

I have to admit that I didn’t even know the significance of Potosi until I started reading travel books about Bolivia. So in case you don’t know it either, here’s a quick summary from my understanding.

Potosi is famous for being a major source of silver to the Spanish during their colonization of South America and Bolivia in particular during the 1500’s. The Cerro Rico mountain, which translates into “Rich Mountain” from Spanish, had enormous supplies of silver, so much so that the Spanish joked that they could build a bridge made out of silver from Potosi to Spain and still have loads of silver to transport via this bridge.

The view of Potosi from Cerro Rico

However, as with any discoveries involving precious metals, Potosi has a dark past. In order to exploit the silver resource, the Spanish enslaved millions of people of African origin as well as indigenous Bolivian people to work in the mines. The conditions in the mines were awful of course. From the long work hours to unsafe explosions, to health problems arising from breathing in toxic substances, it is estimated that about eight million miners died in the mines during the colonial times.

The city of Potosi itself is full of colonial architecture, like this main plaza in the center of the city
Ornate white arches decorate the center of Potosi

Today it is popular among tourists to go deep into the bowels of Cerro Rico to walk in the historic mine tunnels and see the miners still at work. Sadly the mountain only has about seven more years of silver left, after which it will be completely depleted. And despite working conditions improving slightly, miners start working as young as fifteen years old and die young as well, anywhere between 50 to 60 years of age.

Our tour started off with us being outfitted in some miners clothing, complete with a helmet and a headlamp and rubber boots. We also brought some bandanas with us to cover our mouth since we knew that the mines were going to be very dusty.

Sporting our new miners’ gear
And bandanas for good measure
Ready for the tour!

Our guide explained to us that there are currently 12,000 miners working in the mines. About 30% of these miners are organized into cooperatives, which actually provide some form of health insurance and pension. The cooperatives then employ the rest of the independent miners, which receive only 100 bolivianos per day (about CAD$20) plus a share of the profits from the mined minerals.

This is what all the fuss is about – specs of golden and blue dust, indicating zinc or silver

In order to help the independent miners (and in a way to say thank you for letting us walk through their workplace), tourists often buy gifts for the miners before the tour. But these are no ordinary gifts. In order to be as productive as possible, miners don’t eat much during their shifts. Instead they chew on coca leaves to give themselves an energy boost and keep alert. Coca leaves also help with altitude sickness since Potosi is the highest city in the world after La Paz, which is also in Bolivia. In addition, miners often drink almost pure alcohol at 96%! As such, it is common to buy the miners coca leaves, alcohol, Fanta or dynamite sticks as gifts. Yes, I also thought it was a joke at first to buy dynamite, but apparently miners are very appreciative of these gifts especially since there are many robberies that occur between the miners inside the mines. Anything from equipment to dynamite usually gets stolen if it’s not locked up properly. So a stick of dynamite actually comes in handy!

Never thought I would be holding a stick of dynamite in my hand, let alone be buying it as a gift!
But this is the reality of Potosi – dynamite is a hot commodity and makes for a valuable gift for independent miners
We also couldn’t help but to throw in some coca leaves in our gift for the miners

Outfitted in miners clothing and gifts in tow, we finally arrived to the main entrance of one particular mine to start the tour. This mine has nine levels, containing 91 kilometers of tunnels inside and about 500 entrances. Every day, miners have to walk for about ten minutes just to get to their work site!

Rami ready to enter the mine
Posing near the entrance to the mine, and of course photobombed by an actual miner

Inside the mine it is absolutely pitch dark. Unless you have your headlamp on, you will not be able to see anything in front of you. The mine is literally a tunnel burrowed out of rock, with jagged ceilings and uneven floors. There are rails that run along the floor that enable carts loaded with rocks to be wheeled out of the mine. There are various cables that run along the ceiling of the mine supplying electricity or pressured air.

Rami inside the mine
In some places inside the mine, we could spot some colourful spots on the ceilings due to various gases that are released from the rock during the explosions
Carts outside of the mine used to wheel out the rocks and transport it to the refinery

The tunnels are uneven, requiring you to bend your knees and bow your head in order not to hit it against the sharp ceiling. Thank goodness for helmets because I definitely hit my head more than once! The air is hot in places and cold in others. There is constant dust hanging in the air, which reflects in the rays of lights from your headlamp. If you are not moving, you are surrounded by dead silence, the kind that doesn’t even carry sound.

The only source of light is the headlights of the people on the tour with us

We spent about three hours inside the mine. We came across two miners working on preparing an explosion on the level above us in order to break a large piece of rock that they found. Although we didn’t linger long enough to hear the explosion, Rami climbed up to another level to see the piece of rock for himself.

A miner at work, preparing to block the wooden shaft in order to collect the remnants of the rock that is about to be blown up
Another miner getting everything ready for the dynamite explosion

We descended into another level, crouching on our knees at times and scaling down a precarious wooden ladder not attached to anything in particular. At this level, we came across an area, where the miners were preparing holes in the rock, in which to stick dynamite sticks. While there were no miners there at the moment, we were able to peek into the bags they had loaded with promising samples. Some rocks contained blue shiny particles, which were silver deposits, while other rocks sparkled with almost golden dust that was zinc deposit.

We also came across the “God” that miners worship, which was basically a statue decorated with ribbons and surrounded by various offerings of coca leaves, cigarettes, alcohol and beer cans. I put the word “God” in quotations because the miners, which are from indigenous backgrounds, actually cannot pronounce the word God in Spanish, and instead refer to this statue as the Devil. The miners believe that this God or Devil rules the underground and hence should be worshiped in order to keep the miners safe and bring them luck in finding good deposits of silver.

The God or Devil that the miners worship

After three hours of walking around and breathing in dusty air, I personally was exhausted and eager to get out and see the light of day. I’m not usually claustrophobic, but by the end of the tour I was starting to get antsy. I can’t even imagine working a 12-hour shift in this dark and dusty mine every day for several decades! Nevertheless, it was remarkable to walk through these tunnels that are saturated with history and struggle. I only wonder what will happen to the 12,000 miners that are on the line to lose their jobs once all of the silver is depleted from Cerro Rico.

The harsh reality of elderly life in Bolivia

Every Spanish school in Sucre organizes some activities for the students, whether it would be cooking classes, playing sports or salsa dancing. Our Spanish school organized a trip for us to a senior people’s home to get a glimpse into the harsh reality of getting older in Bolivia.

The entrance to the senior people’s home

Unlike Canada, senior housing in Bolivia does not have many resources. As a result, the majority of the elderly people cannot actually stay at this home overnight. Those people that absolutely cannot move end up sleeping on the floor at this home. But the others hike up to two hours each way every couple of days just to get a single meal and maybe some medicine.

The senior home we visited had no medicine whatsoever. Donations from us and other students were used to buy some muscle relaxant cream (similar to Tiger Balm), medicated heating patches for sore muscles and ear drops to prevent and treat infection. Why would these people need muscle relaxant, you ask? Well, the beneficiaries of this particular senior home were indigenous people, mainly from Quechua and Aymara background. The majority were women that still work at the markets despite their age. They carry heavy bags on their backs, full of produce or handicrafts to sell. They often hike for a very long time carrying these bags, which puts a major strain on their muscles.

Upon arriving at this senior home, we were greeted by the elderly people and shook hands with them. We then set up a room where each elderly person could sit on a chair while we, the students from the school, would massage their sore muscles. We massaged their backs, their arms, their sore legs and feet. Rami even treated a woman who fell and had a huge bruise on her elbow. I administered ear drops for every senior person there.

Students massage sore legs and feet of the elderly
Rami gives a back rub
Rami examines a woman who fell and hurt her arm

Some elderly women teared up when they were being massaged. Perhaps it was a simple act of kindness from us that caused them to get emotional. Sadly, we could not communicate with any of these people since they spoke in their own indigenous languages instead of Spanish. But we learned about their stories from our Spanish teachers.

This man tried very hard to communicate with me, but I could not understand him. At times his facial expressions would be serious and his eyes would swell up with tears as he passionately explained something to me. But when I shook my head and smiled apologetically that I couldn’t understand him, he would start laughing

One woman was 99 years old and spoke in a language that no one understood. In order to communicate, she would point to parts of her body that hurt. She was the only one in a wheelchair, and due to the lack of mobility, she slept on the floor at this home.

The 99-year old lady who was forced to sleep on the floor of the senior home because of her immobility

Another woman was a bit younger but could not make any sound at all. We learned that she had mental issues and her own family tried to kill her by slitting her throat and leaving her to die on the street because she could not contribute financially to the economic well-being of the family. Since her throat was slit, she could not talk at all.

Yet another woman was 98 years old and was in a good shape considering her age. She had sore muscles of course, but she was smiling all the time and communicating with our Spanish teachers. Her hair was jet black, with not a single grey hair! Rami and I were thinking that her active lifestyle involving hiking everywhere is likely a contributor to her relatively good health.

The 98-year old woman who despite her age was very cheerful and happy to be pampered with massages

There were also two orphaned children that were being looked after by the man, who runs the senior home. They were both found on the street and were being educated in hopes that they could make something of themselves in the future.

One of the children at the home

After we finished giving massages, we fed the elderly with some crepes and fruits juice. And when we were done, they all clapped for us and wanted to take some pictures.

A simple meal of crepes and fruit juice
A group picture with some of the elderly women and other students

Of course not every senior person in Bolivia ends up in these dire circumstances. Those that are lucky, have families to take care of them when they are older. But this experience opened our eyes to a harsh reality that exists for some indigenous people in Bolivia as they get older and have no relatives to take care of them.

Dinosaur footprints and rock climbing in Sucre

Who knew that dinosaurs not only lived in Bolivia, but left some pretty cool footprints behind? There are several places in Bolivia where one can spot dinosaur footprints, but the closest place to Sucre is Parque Cretacico, which can easily be visited in half a day.

Welcome to the real Jurassic Park!
The entrance to the park
Another replica at the entrance of the park

The Cretaceous Park exhibits replicas of many types of dinosaurs, which are more aimed at entertaining kids. But by far the coolest thing at this park is a gigantic wall that holds a record for having the largest number of dinosaur footprints on a single surface. There are 12,000 dinosaur footprints on this wall from ten different types of dinosaurs!

With my favourite dinosaur – the brachiosaurus
Apparently this park has the largest replica of this dinosaur
Smiling from ear to ear cuz we love dinosaurs!
Ahhh! Look who’s behind us!

The most intriguing fact is that this wall is actually not a wall at all. It used to be the bottom of a lake, which dried up and during its last days was basically just mud, which allowed for dinosaur footprints to be imprinted. When two tectonic plates collided, the lake became a vertical wall. Years and years of sediments covered the footprints, until one day the cement factory nearby discovered them as the workers were digging in the area. Another cool fact is that our Airbnb host in Sucre was actually a manager at this exact cement factory for several decades and was there when the footprints were discovered!

The various types of footprints that can be found at this park
Checking out the footprints from a viewpoint before setting out to look at them up close
The view of the right side of the wall with the footprints
The view of the left side of the wall. Several years ago, a triangle-shaped part of the wall collapsed, which had even more dinosaur footprints
Getting a bit closer to the footprints. Can you spot them?
Here we are with the footprints of brachiosaurus behind us. They’re huge!
Here they are again up close
A footprint from another dinosaur up close
Against another part of the wall with other sets of footprints
Just look at the scale of this “wall”. I’m only a small speck standing against it
Imagine the size of the dinosaurs that were able to leave these large footprints
You feel very small and insignificant standing next to these gigantic footprints

Now visitors can get up close to the footprints or admire them from afar. It is truly incredible to see actual proof that dinosaurs existed!

Due to the mountainous nature of Bolivia and Sucre in particular, we were also eager to try some rock climbing. Rami is a huge fan of rock climbing, having had memberships at various rock climbing gyms in Toronto and having experience rock climbing outside. While I rock-climbed indoors at the various gyms as well, this was the first time for me to actually rock climb outside.

Rami is super excited to give rock climbing a go in Bolivia

Surprisingly we only had to drive about fifteen minutes to the outskirts of Sucre and hike for another twenty minutes through a eucalyptus forest in order to reach our rock climbing wall. This was a very new experience for me as I was literally faced with an almost vertical wall, which at the beginning looked very intimidating. I basically had to find cracks and crevices in this wall for me to hold on to or to put my foot into in order to climb to the very top.

Ready to tackle the wall!
With our guide – Cesar. He’s been working as a guide for rock-climbing and other hiking expeditions part time while he completes his university degree
Here he goes!

The wall was actually quite steep and very high. Rami scaled the wall four times and I scaled it three times, each time using a different route. When standing at the bottom of the wall and looking up, Rami looked so tiny and small, which speaks to just how high this wall was.

Not gonna lie, I felt very intimidated by this wall and had a couple of weak moments when I was up there.
But I did it! The rock was actually pretty cold and sharp, which I didn’t expect because when climbing at an indoor gym, the rocks are plastic and smooth
Look how high this wall is! The trees nearby barely even reach the top of the wall
Rami is a natural of course
Standing at the foot of the wall, Rami looks like a small speck on this wall
I actually really enjoyed the view of Sucre from this rock-climbing place. It’s very convenient that we didn’t have to go very far from the city to do this excursion
Thank you Cesar for a very memorable experience!

We would have never thought that it’s possible to go rock-climbing in Sucre, but it was definitely an experience to remember!

Sucre: The simple Bolivian life

We decided to start our journey in South America in a city called Sucre (pronounced Suk-reh), which is the capital of Bolivia. The main reason behind our choice was the abundance of Spanish schools in Sucre. We read that it would be very difficult to travel through this continent without knowing Spanish as practically no one speaks English in South America.

The gorgeous view of Sucre

But we were also craving for the atmosphere of a quiet, quaint, little town. Wait a minute – how can a capital city be quiet and quaint, you ask? The best analogy I can give you is the comparison between Ottawa and Toronto. Of course Ottawa is the capital of Canada, but let’s face it – it simply doesn’t have the hustle and bustle of Toronto. It’s the same thing with Sucre. While Sucre is the official capital city of Bolivia, the true center of activity lies in La Paz. However, Sucre was just perfect for us. We needed a relaxing atmosphere, in which we could concentrate on learning Spanish and adapt to the new culture.

Mmm, I need this relaxing atmosphere!

Many people come to Bolivia to study Spanish because Bolivians speak much slower and clearer than people in other South American countries. Bolivians also don’t have any special accent, so the Spanish that you pick up in Bolivia could be easily transferrable elsewhere. And boy, were we right to sign up to a Spanish school! Besides our Airbnb host, who spoke English fluently, and the teachers at our Spanish school, no one (and I mean NO ONE) speaks English.

A child plays on the street beside his mother, who sells popcorn and other snacks

In our first few days in Sucre, we went to a local restaurant that doesn’t even have a menu. It serves one type of food – chorizos – or basically sausages that are a classic cultural dish here in Sucre. After managing to order the chorizos, we were dumbfounded by the waitress’ question that had something to do with “tomar”. We had no idea what that word was and how to even spell it. So looking it up in the dictionary was a challenge. The waitress got frustrated with us and left to take care of our order. Only after a few minutes scrambling through our dictionary did we realize that “tomar” means “to drink”, and she was simply asking us whether we want to order a drink with our food. It was surprising to us at first that the locals don’t even know such basic words in English like a “drink”, but we soon realized that this was the case everywhere. It just meant we would have to work very hard to learn Spanish!

One of the most popular local foods in Sucre is the chorizo! It’s filled with meat and spices and is surprisingly very tender and light.

Sucre is located at 2,800 meters above sea level, which means that there is a possibility of altitude sickness. However, Sucre is much lower than La Paz, which sits at over 3,600 meters above sea level. That is another reason as to why starting our journey in Sucre made sense. We wanted to give ourselves time to adjust to the altitude before tackling cities that sit at even higher elevations. In fact, we met a couple that started their journey in La Paz and they were miserable for several days because of altitude sickness. Only when they finally left La Paz for Sucre, did their symptoms subside.

Just look at how steep this street is!
Here is another example – notice the angle of the street

We were actually quite lucky that altitude did not affect us. But Sucre is a very hilly city. You might be walking downhill on one street, and then you turn right and are faced with a steep street that goes uphill. So walking about the city could easily take your breath away. Our Airbnb apartment is also fantastic. It is located at the top of a hill, several blocks away from a church called La Recoleta, and it has an amazing view. In fact, travellers often climb up to La Recoleta to take in the view of the city, but we have this luxury every single day looking out our window. The flip side however is that we have to climb up to our apartment every single day (sometimes several times a day, depending on what we are doing).  But this gives us some great exercise and makes us even more capable of handling a higher altitude.

The view of Sucre from our Airbnb – just red roofs, blue sky and mountains in the background
Our Airbnb is huge! This is just the living room
Look at this cute little reading nook in our Airbnb apartment. That view though!

We also signed up to a gym called “Vista” in Spanish or “The View”. Besides having a great view of the city, the gym also allows us to train at altitude and become more adept to these living conditions. It has hot showers, towels, a strong Wi-Fi and all the equipment that we could possibly need.

Getting my sweat on at the Vista gym
Of course our gym would not be called “Vista” for nothing. It offers great views of the city

The Spanish invaded Bolivia in the mid-1500’s and made Bolivia their colony. That is why Sucre has a lot of “colonial” architecture, which to me just looks very European and beautiful. Although Spanish is obviously the main language, 80% of the population in Bolivia is indigenous and speaks various indigenous languages. The two main ones in Sucre are Quechua and Aymara. The indigenous women (often referred to as “cholitas”) wear bowler hats, flowy skirts and sweaters of various bright colours, and have their jet-black hair in two long braids. We encounter cholitas everywhere – in the markets or on the streets, selling produce or fresh orange juice out of a cart.

In front of a government building in the center of the city
In front of the La Recoleta church, which actually used to be the center of Sucre
The current center of the city is Plaza 25 de Mayo, which has a few fountains and lots of shady spots to hide from the sun
The very center of Plaza 25 de Mayo
Sucre is full of colonial architecture. Oversized doorways (like this one) to churches or other buildings are common
In the La Recoleta square
Cholitas are easy to spot – a flowy skirt, bring colours, a bowler hat and two long braids
Cholitas often carry colourful sacs on their backs, like this one inside Mercado Campesino
Here is a cholita selling freshly-squeezed orange juice

Sucre is a fairly cheap city to live in. A decent lunch for two is about CAD$15, but you can find even cheaper places that offer “menu of the day” involving three courses for about CAD$4. However, these menus of the day are typically heavy on rice and potatoes, so we try to opt out for meals with some protein.

This was the first of four courses, part of the menu of the day that only set us back CAD$5 per person. Notice the French fries in my soup

Fruits and vegetables are also fairly cheap at the local market (Mercado Central). For about CAD$7, you could score a broccoli, two cucumbers, a gigantic avocado (the size of a huge mango), a mango, some grapes, a large zucchini, a small bag of green beans and an onion. You can buy ten huge bananas or ten pieces of fresh bread for CAD$1! Laundry is less than CAD$2 per kilogram and is washed in separate washing machines, unlike Southeast Asia where your clothes would be combined with someone else’s to be washed.

A lady selling fresh bread at Mercado Campesino
We were so in love with the chorizos, that we ended up buying raw ones and cooking them at our apartment
Local markets remind us of St Lawrence market in Toronto, but much bigger. Along with fruits and veggies, you can find all kinds of meats, like chicken…
…more liver or some other organs (we’re not entirely sure)…
…and coca leaves! Coca leaves are a staple in Bolivia, used by the locals to give an energy boost and to help cope with altitude. They are often chewed or made into tea. They are also an ingredient in Coca Cola…BUT the most lucrative purpose for coca leaves is to make cocaine. Don’t worry – it’s not possible to get high or even addicted by chewing the leaves or drinking coca tea.
Look at how many coca leaves are in these huge red bags!

Every now and then we buy fruits and veggies at the market along with a whole roasted chicken (for about CAD$10) and we make meals in the kitchen of our apartment. We also like a local food called salteña, which you can buy for CAD$1.60 a piece. There are two types of salteñas that we discovered: one filled with broth and chunks of beef called salteña de caldo, and another filled with chicken, egg, veggies and some spices called salteña de pollo. The fun part is to actually eat these pastries with a spoon because biting into them will cause the broth and the meat juices to spill. The locals eat them as a mid-morning snack, washing them down with milkshakes or lemonade. But for us, a couple of salteñas is a pretty big meal and the equivalent of a pretty filling lunch. In fact, lunch is the main meal here. At altitude, your digestion slows down, so eating a big meal late at night is not recommended.

I love avocados, and look at how huge this one is! It is literally the size of a large mango and it’s perfectly ripened
Salteñas! A delicious snack or lunch depending on how many you end up eating
Chicken salteña
Beef salteña

The temperature in Sucre varies greatly during the day. In the morning it could be as cool as 6oC, but during the day it could climb up to as high as 23oC. As soon as the sun starts to go down, it becomes cooler again. It’s important to be prepared for these swings and carry a jacket with you. It’s also important to wear sunscreen since getting sunburnt is a lot easier due to the elevation and a thinner atmosphere.

A light jacket is a must as temperature can vary greatly throughout the day

There is also no central heating (or any kind of heating for that matter) inside the homes. Hot water is boiled by a natural gas heater that requires oxygen to combust and start working. The stove in our kitchen also uses gas. We often spot trucks on the streets delivering natural gas tanks to homes.

Buses run on diesel and spit out clouds of black smoke as they huff and puff to get up the hilly streets of Sucre. All the cars that people drive here are manual because automatic transmission could not handle the steep hills of this city.

There are many stray dogs on the streets, but they seem much fatter and healthier than the super-skinny ones we saw in Thailand. However, this also means that you are constantly dodging piles of poop as you’re walking down the street. Consequently, all of the stray cats live on the roofs to get away from the stray dogs.

There are people dressed in zebra outfits and people pretending to be mimes at the main plaza in the city center. These zembras and mimes help you cross the street because that particular intersection can be quite tricky. There are also a ton of kids in Sucre, which explains why the zebras and mimes are necessary to help them cross the street. During the weekend, the kids play at a large park (Parque Bolivar) where they have access to the coolest slides and jungle gyms.

A person dressed in a zebra outfit says hello to a kid crossing the road
I just had to take a picture with a zebra! And I was photobombed by a passing schoolboy!

Overall, Sucre is a very friendly city, rich in culture and beautiful architecture. We are very happy that we decided to spend an entire month here, dedicating ourselves to learning Spanish and building up our tolerance to the higher altitude.

Cambodia: A country in revival

Unlike the neighbouring Thailand, Cambodia has only experienced a surge in tourism in the recent decade or so. Most tourists visit the Temples of Angkor and skip the rest of the country. The capital city of Phnom Penh in particular receives mixed reviews. While researching our trip, we were often told to either skip it altogether or spend only a day there. But after 26 hours spent travelling from Vientiane, Laos to Phnom Penh on a sleeper bus, various vans and minibuses, and finally a large tourist bus, we were so exhausted that we decided to spend four days in the capital. And we’re glad we did.

Cambodia has a dark history that not many people know about. Just over forty years ago, the country fell victim to mass genocide that wiped out about 20% of its population (or about 2 million people) and left the country in disarray. Visiting Phnom Penh allowed us to tour a former high school that was turned into a prison and torture centre called the S-21. We also visited a nearby Killing Field where people were hacked to death with farming tools and their bodies dumped into mass graves. It was a heavy, but eye-opening experience.

But what we found remarkable is how Cambodia is rebuilding itself despite this dark history. We really enjoyed exploring the rest of Phnom Penh that seems to be growing really quickly. We spotted many new high-rise buildings being built all over the city, while restaurants of all cuisines dotted the streets. Large, western-style shopping malls complemented the local markets, selling handicrafts and produce.

The Independence Monument in Phnom Penh
There are many Western cafes and shops, like Starbucks and Krispy Kreme

In our interactions, we found that Cambodians spoke more English than Thai and Lao people, which shows just how quickly the country bounced back. Even the prices for absolutely everything are actually in US dollars. The Cambodian riel is only used to give change. For example, if you are buying something for $10.50 and you give a $20 US bill, you will receive $9 back in USD and 50 cents equivalent in Cambodian riel.

A square in front of the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh was filled with pigeons. Of course kids were having a blast, chasing them around the square

One of the highlights of our stay in Phnom Penh was going to the movie theatre to watch “Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them” because the experience was very different from the one in Canada. Inside the theatre, there were many red velvet chairs with high backs and coffee tables for movie-goers to sit down and relax. Large chandeliers hung from the ceiling, and the bathrooms were bright, modern and immaculately clean. Popcorn was served in vintage-looking paper bags, and all of the movie-goers were dressed up as if it was a special occasion. The Cambodian girls were wearing mini-dresses and skirts, with their hair done and their skin covered flawlessly in make-up. The guys were also well-dressed in trousers and shirts. Rami and I were probably the most under-dressed people in the theatre!

Chandeliers at the movie theatre
Movie-goers can relax in these high-back velvet chairs while they wait for the movie to start

The actual theatre was very comfortable and clean. The chair reclined, the screen was large, the sound was excellent, and the movie was in English with Cambodian subtitles in a barely noticeable white font. No wonder Cambodians speak English very well!

Look at the size of this stupa at the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh!
In front of a model of Angkor Wat, which we later saw in all its glory and scale in Siem Reap. The sun is so strong, I have to squint!

Overall, Phnom Penh surprised us with how developed it felt. As any city in Southeast Asia, it was definitely busy with tuk tuks zooming by you and people everywhere. But after doing some sight-seeing, visiting a large shopping mall with everything you could possibly need, gulping down several bowls of pho, treating ourselves to a fresh-salad in a cute restaurant that was a blend of Freshii and iQ back in Toronto, and going out to the movies, we had to pinch ourselves to remind us we were not somewhere in North America.

At the Royal Palace in Phnom Penh
In front of one of the stupas at the Royal Palace complex
Similar to Thailand, monks in Cambodia also come from all over to visit the Royal Palace and take some pictures

While Phnom Penh turned out to be a great little break that we were craving, our trip to Siem Reap was packed with sight-seeing. And rightly so! Siem Reap is a city in the northern part of Cambodia that is basically a pit-stop for anyone wishing to see the numerous Temples of Angkor.

We bought a three-day pass to the temples, which are scattered around a very vast geographical area. As a result, we had to either hire a tuk tuk for each day to take us from one temple to another, or go on a group tour. Since we actually wanted to learn a bit about the history of the temples and their architecture, we decided to take a couple of tours.

There are so many corridors like this at Angkor Wat that seem to be disappearing into the distance

On the first day we visited all the most famous temples, which are grouped into a tour called the Small Circuit tour. On the second day, we visited the temples that are a bit further away and a little less known, dubbed as the Grand Circuit tour. And on our third day, we ended up hiring a tuk tuk for half a day to take us back to our favourite two temples so we can take a closer look at them and snap a few more photos.

Pondering life and hiding from the heat at Angkor Wat

I won’t go into the details of each tour, but I would say that both the Small and the Grand Circuits are worth doing. While some temples on our second day of touring were less famous, they were not less impressive.

As we were approaching the Neak Pean temple on our Grand Circuit tour, we had to walk through a vast man-made body of water. Apparently leeches and snakes are common inhabitants here.
When we stopped for lunch on our Small Circuit tour, this girl along with other kids were trying to sell us these recorders
And on our Grand Circuit tour, we ran into these kids trying to sell us postcards

But our favourite temples (and the ones we went back to see again) were Angkor Wat and Ta Prohm. Angkor Wat is an easy favourite. Its scale and magnificence is incomparable. We were even more impressed to learn about how it was built in the absence of modern technology. Similar to the method of construction of the pyramids in Egypt, Angkor Wat was constructed by making a very tall pile of dirt and using elephants to haul rocks up to the top. As the towers of the temple were completed, the dirt was removed a little bit to allow for the construction of the lower portion of the temple.

Angkor Wat and its reflection as seen when standing at the West Gate
After standing in line for about 40 minutes, we were able to climb to the top of the middle tower of Angkor Wat. Here I am standing next to it for scale
At the East Gate to Angkor Wat, peeking through one of the windows

Without any kind of modern engineering, Angkor Wat is actually constructed with astrology and cosmology in mind. The temple is constructed with precise angles, allowing for the sun to line up with the middle tower several times a year. There are twelve major staircases corresponding to twelve months of the year. There are many other various dimensions and aspects of the temple that correspond to the measurement of time or various stars and constellations in the sky. It is truly remarkable that close to a thousand years ago, people were able to build a structure of this massive scale with such precision and only using reflection of the structure in the water for measurement.

We made it to Angkor Wat! What whaaat!
Trying to hold the reflection of the towers in our hands

My personal favourite was a temple of Ta Prohm, made famous by the “Lara Croft: Tomb Raider” movie. Situated deep in the Cambodian jungle, this temple is literally being swallowed by nature. Trees are growing on top of its towers with massive roots coming down the walls. The stones are covered in moss, painting the temple in green colour. Birds are heard chirping away as you’re walking around, and cold temperatures are felt in certain places of the temple hidden away from the sun.

At Ta Prohm temple. I loved how the temple was so green from the moss and the nature!
Next to the gigantic roots of a tree that’s growing on the walls of the Ta Prohm temple
Here is this tree from a distance. Isn’t it remarkable that the tree can grow so tall with such massive roots on top of a temple wall?

Due to its popularity, both Angkor Wat and Ta Prohm were swarmed with tourists, but depending on the time of day that you visit, it is possible to find peaceful and serene places within the temples to catch your breath and take it all in.

We also really enjoyed visiting the other temples on our tours. Somehow each one was surrounded by nature and felt very historical in its own way. It’s amazing that centuries later these structures are still standing.

Bayon or the Smiling Temple was really cool to visit. It has 216 smiling faces on its towers.
A very tall tree at one of the temples. Rami is next to it for scale
Many temples had towers that were ruined at the top and opened up to the sky. Once we even saw a bat flying around at the top of one of the towers. And where there are bats, there are snakes. Our guides warned us to look out for them!

We would definitely recommend Cambodia as a country to visit to anyone travelling in Southeast Asia. Both Phnom Penh and Siem Reap should not be missed.